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Strength. Most Taekwondo students concentrate on flexibility training to improve kicks, but it takes strength to lift the leg quickly and powerfully into a high kick. Class sit-ups and pushups are good but strength is best developed out of class using a well structured weight training system. Development of absolute strength will positively affect muscular endurance and should positively affect power as well. It has a negative effect on aerobic endurance. A well developed musculature will additionally be required to minimize injury.
Speed. Speed of movement as used in Judo skills will be developed through the elimination of superfluous and inefficient movement, and through the development of efficient neuromuscular pathways. Speed maybe improved through reaction and pliometric drills.
Power. The best example of power is the Olympic weight lifter doing the snatch. The snatch is considered the most explosive and powerful athletic movement. Power involves moving an object (force) over a certain distance in a certain time. In the case of a Taekwondo student, since body weight (force) will remain reasonably constant, increase in power will only happen if distance or time is altered. Strength and speed will affect power output.
Health. Rest, nutrition, fluid intake, and body weight can be controlled to optimize performance.
Mental Skills. Often the main difference between high caliber athletes is the ability to control stress (fear). Stressors can control physical abilities unless brought under control. Mental skill development therefore will incorporate visualization, relaxation, and controlled breathing.
Tactics. Situational drills should be incorporated to develop tactical ability. A firm understanding of the rules of competition is necessary. Coping with the various fighting styles (left, right, unorthodox, crouched, defensive, offensive etc.), fighting while behind or ahead on the scoreboard, competing injured or sick, and any other imaginable situation should be covered in training.
Environment. We know that jet lag, altitude, and significant changes of temperature and humidity will affect performance. Chances are great that a different cultural or social environment may also affect performance. These effects can be minimized by creating and training under similar circumstances and conditions.