A combination is two or more techniques applied in quick succession. They may be classified by the direction in which they apply force to the opponent.
The three main classifications of combinations
- Combined Force Combinations. Combined force combinations are a sequence of techniques that apply a continuous force in a single direction. Each strike increases the effect of the previous one. The strikes may be all of the same type, such as a linear reverse punch and a linear side kick to the abdomen or they may be of different types, such a linear side kick to the abdomen and a circular round kick to the abdomen. Almost any type of kick or strike may be used as long as each one is delivered in the same direction as the previous one and possibly even to the same target. This punishes the opponent in one area and wears him or her down. Combined force combinations are effective in prolonged combat since they have a cumulative effect over time.
- Circular Force Combinations. Circular force combinations are combinations that apply force that rotates around your body's vertical axis, such as a reverse punch, rear leg round kick, followed by a spin kick. The direction of rotation is maintained with each technique. The rotational force of the body adds to the power of each technique. One technique follows the other in a smooth and complementary progression.
- Opposing Force Combinations. Opposing force combinations are techniques that apply force in antagonistic directions, such a right hook punch and a left rear leg round kick. The motion rotates around your body's vertical axis as in the circular force combinations except that the rotation switches directions one or more times. One technique may be used set the opponent up for a following technique, such as in the above example where the hook punch turns the head toward the direction of the round kick.
Combinations may also be classified as
- Consecutive. One technique follows another. For example, a jab, cross, and hook.
- Concurrent. One technique flows into another. For example, a jab that first moves outward to block an incoming jab before traveling to its target, or the leading knee moves upward and inward to block an incoming round kick and then fire into a side thrust kick.
- Simultaneous. One or more techniques fire at the same time. For example, a left block and a right jab fire simultaneously, or a punch and kick fire at the same time.
Ways to change a combination
- Entry. Changing a move that is used to entry into a combination.
- Exit. Changing a move that is used when exiting a combination.
- Add. Adding another technique to the combination.
- Delete. Deleting a technique from the combination.
- Change the way a technique is delivered within a combination (such as changing the timing or power).
- Change the weapon(s) used in a combination (such as changing a round kick to use the ball of foot instead of instep.
- Change the target(s) of a combination (such as head instead of throat).
- Rearrange. Changing the order of the techniques used in the combination.