There are three methods to defend from an attack and all three are effective, if they are used as they were originally conceived. The methods are:
Striking arts, where force meets force and punches and kicks are predominate, such as karate, boxing, Taekwondo, etc.
Grappling arts, where force engages forces and locks, pins, and throws are predominate, such as Judo, wrestling, etc.
Avoidance arts, where force avoids force and deflection and leverage techniques are predominate, such as Aikido, some forms of Jujitsu, etc.
The three arts are mutually exclusive. For example, it is difficult to grapple and strike at the same time, difficult to avoid force and grapple at the same time, and it is difficult to strike and avoid force at the same time.
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