Tactics are short-term actions taken to achieve the final goal. Sparring is as much a mental game as it is a physical game. You must prepare yourself physically and learn all the techniques, but when you face the opponent, your mind takes over and the fight is more similar to a chess match. You must analyze the opponent and his or her tactics and formulate your own tactics as the action takes palce. Sometimes, just as in chess, you must think many moves ahead and set your opponent up for defeat.