Contact is the striking force applied to an opponent when sparring. Contact may be no-contact, light-contact, or full-contact, depending on the rules which control the type of sparring. Control of contact is usually over used and under enforced. Most students use too much control and thus too little force, and many instructors do not closely monitor the amount of control being used until it becomes excessive. For no-contact free-sparring or step-sparring, properly controlled attacks and counters should not touch or barely touch the target so as not to cause any pain, bruises, soreness, or red marks. No-contact does not coming a few inches short of the target; this is just as much poor control as is striking too hard.
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