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Reverse punch. The reverse punch is a major scoring technique in competition. Increase its reach by lowering your stance and driving hip toward opponent. In defense, use palm sweeping block while pulling upper body and face backward, moving weight over rear leg; then drive forward off rear leg and attack before opponent returns to a defensive position.
Hook. In a hook, a horizontal fist (palm down) works best in close. A vertical fist (palm toward you) works best at a greater distance . Turn the lead heel out when using a lead hook; turn rear heel out when using a rear hook. Always shift your weight to lead foot. When you double hook, such as low to the body and then high to head, do not turn your heel out until the second hook, the first hook is more of a diversion. If you turn your heel out on the first hook, you will lose the power for your second one. Lead arm hooks travel horizontally and tight, as if you are grabbing one of your friends around the neck with your arm. Keep wrist locked when using a hook.
Shoeshine. The shoeshine is a good way to gain momentum for your punches in close without opening up or telegraphing. For the shoeshine position, keep hands up, palms toward you, knuckles almost touching eyebrows, head down, and elbows in. Great for hooks and uppercuts. The shoeshine keeps you moving and keeps opponent guessing.
Shoe in the bucket. This is a failure to shift the weight off of one foot and onto the other when throwing a power punch. Classic example is in the cross. At full extension, your rear foot is on the ball, allowing the weight to shift and that hip to come forward. This contradicts the planted rear foot of many traditional martial arts in their reverse punch.