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Differential Association Theory by Sutherland
- Criminal behavior is developed through differential association with those who commit crime or those who are law-abiding
- Theory states:
- Criminal behavior is learned.
- It is learned in interaction with other persons.
- It occurs within intimate groups.
- Learning includes:
- Techniques of committing crime
- Motives, derives, rationalizations, and attitudes.
- Things learned can be favorable or unfavorable to committing crime.
- A person becomes delinquent because of an excess of definitions favorable to violation of law over definitions unfavorable to violation of law.
- Differential associations may vary in frequency, duration, priority, and intensity.
- The learning involves all the mechanisms that are involved in any other type of learning.
Although criminal behavior is an expression of general needs and values, it is not explained by them, since non-criminal behavior is an expression of the same needs and values.