Study of physiological profile of Indian boxers
G. Khanna and I. Manna
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 5 (CSSI), 90 - 98
The present study was conducted to study the morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics of Indian National boxers as well as to assess the cardiovascular adaptation to graded exercise and actual boxing round. The study evaluated junior (<19 years of age) and senior (0-25 year of age) boxers in different weight categories.
Conclusions. Results showed a significantly higher stature, body mass, LBM, body fat, and strength of back and grip in senior boxers compared to juniors. Moreover, the senior boxers possessed mesomorphic body conformation where as the juniors' possessed ectomorphic body conformation. Significantly lower aerobic capacity and anaerobic power were noted in junior boxers compared to seniors. Further, significantly higher maximal heart rates and recovery heart rates were observed in the seniors as compared to the juniors. Significantly higher maximum heart rates were noted during actual boxing compared to graded exercise. Blood lactate concentration was found to increase with the increase of workload during both graded exercise and actual boxing round. The senior boxers showed a significantly elevated levels of hemoblobin, blood urea, uric acid, and peak lactate as compared to junior boxers. In the senior boxers, significantly lower levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDLC were observed as compared to junior boxers. No significant change has been noted in HDLC between the groups. The age and level of training in boxing has significant effect on aerobic, anaerobic component. The study of physiological responses during graded exercise testing may be helpful to observe the cardiovascular adaptation in boxers.