Taekwondo and karate are, in my experience, the most enjoyable sports for hyperactive children after soccer. Parents often do a double take when these sports are mentioned, fearing that a martial art will lead to serious social problems for their children because of their impulsiveness and aggressiveness. However, to me, Taekwondo and karate are two of the most therapeutic programs for children with this syndrome, and children can start as early as 4 or 5 years of age.
These sports are beneficial because they involve structure, rules, rituals, a stop-and-think attitude, and absolute obedience. No techniques are taught until the children have learned to stop, listen, and think. Classes usually are small. The techniques are monitored carefully, emphasizing over and over that these are sports and are not to be used for any aggressive play. Students who disobey the rules usually are expelled from the class.
Swimming usually is well suited to children with attention deficit disorder. Swimming tends to be a fairly explosive activity in which impulsiveness may be an advantage. In general, swimming is highly recommended for children with motor coordination problems.